The Nature of Writing Ability

Writing is the one of the four language skills and it is the most important process in learning English. It cannot be separated with every learning process experienced by the students as long as they are still in educational process. Kalayo Hasibuan (2007)[1] stated that writing is both process and a product. We learn to write by writing. Moreover Grenville (2001)[2] also point out that No one’s born knowing how to write-but it is a skill that most people can learn, and the more you do it, the easier it becomes. It is also stressed by Simon (2003)[3] good writing does not happen overnight. It involves a process. As a one of the important skills process, writing allows the students to master every category that can give good influence to their writing ability in each level of Educations. One of the categories to master the writing skill is through the mastery of grammar. H. Douglas Brown (1994)[4] stated that Grammar is a system of rules governing the conventional arrangement and relationship of word in a sentence.
Furthermore, the grammar aims at presenting a precise and explicit form produced in sentences suited with the situations of what, when, where, and how the language is used. This condition indicates a strongly considered reason to master grammar in written language. Janet Lane & Ellen Lange (1993)[5] describes that Sentence-Structure error are global (more serious) errors. As such, they not only cause readers great difficulty in understanding a piece of writing but also are highly noticeable to readers. It is clear that the grammar include a system of rules that specifies structure of each sentence. It is available to understand the information and messages communicated in written form.
Besides that, Kate Grenville (2001)[6] also states that, any piece of writing will be trying to do at least one of the following things:
a.       Writing to entertain
It does not necessarily make the readers laugh, but it at least engage their feelings in some way.
b.      Writing to inform
It tells the reader about something. These kinds of writing can also be entertaining in the sense that they are a good read. But entertaining the reader is not their main purpose, that just a bonus. The examples of writing to inform are newspaper articles, scientific reports, and procedures, etc.
c.       Writing to persuade 
 It tries to convince the reader of something. This includes advertisements, some newspaper and magazine, articles, etc. This type of writing might include your opinion, but as part of a logical case backed up with evidence, rather than just as an expression of your feelings.

[1] Kalayo Hasibuan and Muhammad Fauzan A. Teaching English as Foreign Language (TEFL). (Pekanbaru: Alaf Riau Graha UNRI Press, 2007), p. 127
[2] Kate Grenville . Writing from Start to Finish. (Australia: Allen and Unwin, 2001), p. 2
[3] Simon and schuster. Essay Writing Step by Step. (New York: Kaplan, 2003), p. 8
[4] H. Douglas Brown . Teaching by Principle: an Interactive Aproach to language Pedagogy. (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc, 1994), p. 347
[5] Janet Lane and Ellen Lange. Writing Clearly. (Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers, 1993), p. 88
[6] Kate Grenville. Writing from Start to Finish: A six-Step Guide. (Australia: Allen &b Unwin, 2001), p. 1-2

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