Generic Structure and Features of Procedural Text

Dear readers, today is time to learn about a procedural text. Do you know what procedural text is? Read my other posts please. In this occasion I would like writing about generic structure of a procedural text. The same as other types of text, narrative, descriptive, expository, a procedural text is also built by some structures, such as:
A.  Generic structure of procedural text
a.  The goal of the activity
b.  Any materials needed to achieve the goal
c.  Step to accomplish the goal
B.  Generic features of procedural text
a.  Procedures are a useful text type for ESL learners as the vocabulary is linked to highly contextualized experience.
b.  Students can use diagrams and their own observations and experiences in writing procedural text.
c.  The use of commands (i.e. the imperative form of the verb), e.g. ‘Put’, ‘don’t mix’.
d.  The use of the action verbs, e.g. ‘turn’, ‘pick up’, ‘don’t run’. Action verbs are used in instructions to represent the processes involved in completing a task; for example,
Cross Smith Street and turn right.
Walk to the next cross street.
e.  The use of precise vocabulary, e.g. ‘whisk’, ‘lukewarm’.
f.   The use of connectives to sequence the action in time, e.g. ‘then’, ‘while’. Temporal connectives are used in procedural instructions to ensure processes are placed in the correct order of time; for example, First melt the butter, then add the flour.
g.  The use of adverbials to express details of time and place, manner, and so on, e.g. ‘for five’ minutes’, ‘2 centimeters from the top’, ‘carefully’.

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